For more than two centuries Tarnovo was the capital of the second Bulgarian kingdom (end of XII - XIV century). It is the center, where important political, religious, administrative and cultural issues were been discussed regarding the medieval state of the country. The contemporary authors also call it "God blessed Tarnovo", "the great Tarnov", "Queen of the cities" , "by words and deeds second place after Constantinople”, at the time the glory of the town reached distant lands, getting as far as North Ocean.
The town Tarnovo - the territory that was inhabited since ancient times, became capital after the restoration of the Bulgarian state in 1186. Being a capital is in favor the strategic location, vast area to inhabit and build and the fact that at the end of XII century it was one of the most inaccessible placein the whole country. These facts helped the town to develop into a large and populous center. The capital extends its position onto the fortified with strong walls hills Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Momina fortress and over the banks of the natural water barrier Yantra river.
The Church “Forty Martyrs”- is the most famous medieval Bulgarian monument in Veliko Tarnovo. It was built and inscripted at the time Tsar Ivan Assen II the king of Bulgaria in honor of his great victory at the Battle of Klokotnitza on the 9th of March 1230. Here is preserved the only known grave of the Bulgarian king in the our land- the grave of Tsar Kaloyan. (according to the Regional History Museum).
Ethnographic complex “Arbanassi" – The St. George church at Arbanassi is situated at the eastern part of the fortress Trapezitsa. A massive stone structure building. On the blueprint the church is one-nave basilica with a narthex to the west and a semi-cylindrical vault. As the way it is now, the temple was built in the early XVII century. There is a ktoitor inscription placed above the door that says: "This divine and glorious temple of the holy martyr George the glorious was built and decorated by common effort, hard work, and sacrifices of the noble getleman Mr. Paraskev and Irina, during the governance of archbishop Gabriel in the year 7124 (1616) The. It was launched on 15th of March and completed on 20th of May”. It is important to note that the temple dated from 1616 was built on the foundations of a church from the old capital Tarnovo period. (According to the Regional History Museum).
“Nativity” temple is located in the southwestern part of Arbanassi. The temple have been building for almost nine decades and thus emerged a unique ensemble of frescoes, which has no equal in the Bulgarian lands for its thematic variety and richness. In the conch of the abside niche are placed waist figure of Platitera Mary, Eucharist and Melismos. On the walls of church "Nativity" are written numerous ktitors signs announcing the names of donors. The temple is part of the complex, which is a residence of the biggest bishop gathering on the Balkan Peninsula – in Turnovo. (According to the Regional History Museum).
Stambolov bridge over the Yantra River - is located near the center of Veliko Tarnovo. You can get there by strating from the City Hall, passing Ether hotel, then near hotel Veliko Tarnovo and you'll find yourself on the bridge. Over the bridge you will stumble upon the Assens’ monument and the city galery. The whole area is an incredible panoramic view. The city houses perched on the cliffs, the Assens’ monument from one side and the Holly Forest Hill from the other. Sightsees enchanting with its incredible beauty and charm. The bridge was built in the early 20th century and named after one of the initiators of its construction - Stefan Stambolov.
Back in the days people would drive pass over the bridge. But now the bridge is a walking zone due to the strenght of the material that is made from, it has long expired and any heavy load should be avoided. At that time it was one of its kind in Bulgaria and even on the Balkans. It was considered modern creation of the European bridge building. It was build from metal structures that were delivered from different countries in Europe, then he was assembled here in Bulgaria. Stambolov bridge is frequently discussed from people of Veliko Tarnovo, it is associated with both good and bad - stories, but mainly the bridge is a favorite place to take a walk and pictures, it is an mandatory sightsee for the tourists. Every year on the Stambolov bridge a bungee jumping is being organized, which brings large numbers of people here. Some come here out of curiosity, or just to watch, but most people take the opportunity to pump up adrenalin. If it happens to pass by Veliko Turnovo, take a walk to Stambolov bridge. It’s worthed! (Article excerpt from the Regional History Museum).
Trapezitsa hill-is the second most important fortification in the Old Bulgarian capital Tarnovo. There are two versions for the origin of its name - from the word „trapeza„ (table) or trapezoid, because it has a shape of trapezoid. The castle was part of the old capital of Veliko Tarnovo, and for that fact were built many beautiful churches and buildings. On the hill, behind the thick walls, were the main church buildings of the capital and the patriarch’s residence. Researches show that on Trapezitsa hill lived rich and noble people in magnificent houses with remarkable architecture. The castle was connected with that of Tsarevets Hill by a bridge, reached from a path carved into the rocks. Trapezitsa natural defense was the main defense of the hill - on three sides it is surrounded by turbulent waters of Yantra River. In the castle was situated the royal mint. There is an exciting story regarding the royal mint that we’ll tell you when you come to Veliko Tarnovo. (Article excerpt from the Regional History Museum).
Ethnographic street of the crafts (it will take you to the monkey house, built by Nikola Ficheto). Nikolas Kouv’s Monkey House is a unique place from the Revival period, built by renowned builder Kolyo Ficheto. This house is famous with the sculpture of a monkey high above the door, hence its name. The house is an architectural monument and also museum. Located in the downtown, at the beggining of Samokov bazaar, and is a mandatory part of the tourist routes. Like other Turnovo houses it is located on two streets. (Article excerpt from the Regional History Museum).
Old Street Gurko-Veliko Tarnovo is a wonderful city, especially that part dating from the Revival period. Gurko Street is the most picturesque, colorful and ancient street with unique atmosphere and location. The street begins from the lower part of the town, near Yantra River, located approximately below the Post office. As you take a walk you will pass by the restored houses and reach a small square, "Independence," on which the buildings of the archaeological museum and the old court are situated.
Spectacle "Sound and Light." During the evening on the old peak Tsarevets, you will witness of the unique show where lights effects will take you to the dark times of the 14th century, when Bulgaria gone under Ottoman yoke.
Address: Veliko Turnovo
Phone: 062 / 63 49 46